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Top Photo by Hans-Petter Fjeld

Got a cool picture of an Atlantic Salmon you want to share??  Email it to us and we will add it!!  Please let us know who to credit the photo to.

Ontario Salmon Fishing

Atlantic Salmon 

Atlantic Salmon

The Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) is a popular and famous game fish in New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and Quebec and on the shore of the Gulf of St. Lawrence and Newfoundland.

The body of the Fish is elongated and moderately compressed laterally. The mouth is large, the maxillary extending to a point just behind the eye. There are strong teeth on the jaws and tongue, weak and little-developed teeth on the vomer, and few deciduous teeth on the shaft of the vomer. There are large x-shaped black spots on the head and on the upper sides of the body; few or none on the tail fin. At two or three months, salmon parr are brown or grey on the back, with seven to eleven dark vertical bars on the sides, red or vermilion spots between the bars, black spots mostly on the back, and a fairly well-forked tail.

Salmon smolt have a silvery coat which covers the bars and red spots, though some of the black spots are still visible; the tail is well forked. Adult salmon are brownish, or bluish, grey above, becoming silvery on the sides.

For comparison in the brown trout, the maxillary extends well beyond the eye; the scales are smaller than those of the Atlantic salmon (120 in the lateral line); and the black spots on the sides have a light halo. In the rainbow trout, the maxillary extends far beyond the eye, and there are numerous black spots on the body, particularly on
the caudal tin; red spots are absent.

Atlantic Salmon have a maximum age of around 11 years.

Distribution
The Atlantic salmon occurs in the north Atlantic ocean; in Europe, south to Portugal; and inthe west, from southern Greenland, eastern Ungava Bay and Labrador, south to Maine. It is landlocked in lakes of Quebec, the Maritime Provinces and Maine. Similar landlocked forms occur in Europe. The classification of these forms as sub-species so far has no justification on a genetic basis.

Introductions of Atlantic salmon in certain New York and New England lakes have been successful. A permanent freshwater population has been established in Trout Lake, Nipissing District, Ontario.  Currently there are ongoing projects to help restore the Atlantic Salmon to Lake Ontario

Atlantic Salmoin Range

Habitat
Salmon spend most of their time in the sea but travel up freshwater streams to spawn. Their progeny may remain in the stream from one to three years (and as many as eight years in North Labrador) before becoming smolts and descending to
the sea where they grow to maturity.

The mouth of the stream should be wide and deep to ensure free passage. Salmon prefer cool, clear water with little sediment in the riffles, and with suitable cover such as rocks, behind and under which the young salmon may find shelter. Height of water during the summer is of great importance because it determines the extent of the habitat available for young salmon. The extent of predation may be determined by the amount of shelter available to the fry.

Salmon are most active and presumably in best condition at 55°F . Temperatures above this point become less and less favourable, with death occurring at 84°F. to 93°F.,depending on the size and acclimation of the fish. A high summer temperature may be a significant factor in the non-survival of young salmon.

Heres a video of Atlantic Salmon Spawning

 

 


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